The base of the mountain is covered in tropical dry forest, however above 1,200 meters the eastern slope enjoys superior humidity and orchids and bromeliads are more common. The cone is home to howler monkeys and White tailed deer which share this semi-sulfurous environment, with numerous birds and reptiles. Closer to the summit gases emitted from the interior of the crater are more prominent making the upper reaches of the mountain a harsh landscape, ample evidence of the earth’s inner fury.
This is the premier ecological attraction on the island with some of the finest forest on Nicaragua’s Pacific and great lakes area, with great diversity and endemic species. Though the upper part of the summit climb is a mud bath, the middle sections are great for nature lovers with howler and white-faced monkeys, numerous species of birds and reptiles and old growth forest. Instead of racing to the top, ecotourists should bring a naturalist guide to really enjoy this gem.